Women & cross border trade in East Africa opportunities and challenges for small scale women traders by

Cover of: Women & cross border trade in East Africa |

Published by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Collaborative Centre for Gender and Development in Nairobi .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • East African Community. -- Customs Union,
  • Women -- Africa, Eastern -- Economic conditions,
  • Africa, Eastern -- Commerce

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

Other titlesWomen and cross border trade in East Africa
Statementthe East African Community Customs Union.
ContributionsEast African Community. Customs Union., Collaborative Centre for Gender and Development (Nairobi, Kenya)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHF3892.Z5 E27 2006
The Physical Object
Pagination62 p. ;
Number of Pages62
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19807280M
ISBN 109966957642
ISBN 109789966957641
OCLC/WorldCa122269022

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Women and trade in Africa: realizing the potential (English) Abstract. Regional trade in Africa can play a vital role in diversifying economies and reducing dependence on the export of a few mineral products, in delivering food and energy security, in generating jobs for the increasing numbers of Cited by: 9.

Empowering women in informal cross border trading has a positive multiplier effect on poverty reduction, economic growth, government revenues and employment creation, among other factors. In Africa, Women & cross border trade in East Africa book instance, the contribution of women informal traders to national GDP amounts to 64 percent of value added in trade in Benin, 46 percent in Mali and 41 percent in Chad.

Cross-border trade in Sub-Saharan Africa is dominated by women traders who engage in informal trade because they lack market information but their economic potential can be elevated through skills training and education.

Cross-border trade is the exportation of goods through country borders. “A lot of people Women & cross border trade in East Africa book informal because they have the wrong idea about [ ].

The case of cross-border trade along Kenya - Uganda and Rwanda - Burundi borders comes under the spotlight in relation to the need to create an enabling environment for cross-border women traders. The Protocol establishing the East Africa Customs Union mentions the special role of women in trade in its Preamble and under its Objectives, which.

Possibilities for West African cross-border trade Despite the challenges mentioned, the prospects for West-African cross-border trade are promising given the potential of the region, which doubles its population almost every twenty years, in addition to having a population that is still very young, is becoming increasingly urbanised, and whose.

While proving a strategy and policy framework for the proposed women cross border trade association in West Africa, John Odubele, a leadership consultant said the world had become a global village hence the increased levels of competition in the business world, and thus the need for women cross border traders in West Africa to become organized.

Problem facing women in cross-border sector However, in Africa, women play a significant role in small-scale cross-border trade in comparison to men.

For example, a study on small-scale trade in the Great Lakes Region of Africa found that 74% of the trade at border crossings that were surveyed was performed by women. More t small-scale women traders engaged in cross-border business in the East African Community have been trained on laws governing trade among the member : LUCY MKANYIKA.

TradeMark East Africa is an organisation funded by a range of development agencies with the aim of growing prosperity in East Africa through trade.

TMEA works closely with East African Community institutions, national governments, the private sector and civil society organisations. Women Informal Cross Border Traders largely use un-gazetted border crossing routes despite the integration of the East African Countries and coming of the Customs Union and Common Market Protocols.

There was need to identify how the provisions in the Customs Union and Common Market Protocols can be exploited in order to increase women’s trade. There are vast numbers of small-scale cross border traders in East Africa trading anything from a sack of grain or rice to goods worth up to US$2, — the limit for value added tax free trade.

The Southern African Development Community (Sadc) is gearing up for a full reopening of cross-border trading. Southern Africa: SADC Set to Reopen Cross-Border Trade - Search.

In such a scenario, a gradual formalization of informal cross-border trade can be possible. The Charter for Cross-Border Traders is currently being piloted at the Mwami/Mchinji border post. Plans are to extend it other border posts in Southern and East Africa, and to tailor its contents to the specificity of each local context.

Rwanda's total cross border trade flows amounted to Rwf billion inan increase of 19% over of which total cross border exports accounted for Rwf billion and total cross.

East Africa Cross Border Trade Bulletin (OctoberVolume 27) Report from Famine Early Warning System Network, World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The “Raising Voices for Women Cross Border Traders in West Africa Project” seeks to map women’s organisations in the ECOWAS sub-region and their potential to support the capacity building, advocacy and development of women cross border traders, through serving as platforms for the articulation of their challenges and aspirations.

TradeMark East Africa (TMEA), an organization that promotes cross-border trade in the subregion, reports that women conduct up to 74% of the informal trade along Rwanda’s borders with its.

This year saw the launch of the first fully electric cross-border railway in Africa. Linking Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa with Djibouti City – a stretch of more than kilometres – the new line will incredibly cut travel time between the two countries.

Women dependent on cross border trade The organisation notes that Nigerian women are dependent on cross border trade to earn a living and will go through the harsh rudimentary process at the borders just to ensure they are able to trade.

In neighbouring Ghana, these women are described as ‘head pan traders’. Non-compliance of regional trade agreements by Rwanda’s neighbours is taking a heavy toll on the nation’s earnings from cross-border trade. Legislators are concerned that informal trade with Burundi, Tanzania as well as the Democratic Republic of Congo, faces multiple barriers resulting in low export volumes to these strategic : Johnson Kanamugire.

For years, informal cross-border trade has been a source of livelihoods for poor border communities. But the escalation of political tensions between Kampala and Kigali, for instance, which led to Rwanda closing its borders with Uganda, prohibiting its citizens from crossing, greatly affected trade along the border, with many who depended on it going without an income.

Informal cross- border trade and smuggling in Africa smuggling producer surplus gain is a and government tariff revenue loss is a 1 b, for a net loss of area b. This section explains the challenges facing Zimbabwean cross border traders from the point they cross border traders cross into South Africa.

Sexual Harassment Tay () estimated that in Zimbabwe around 70% of women of reproductive age were involved in cross border Size: 54KB.

The East Africa Trade and Investment Hub (the Hub) is the U.S. Government’s flagship project under the presidential Trade Africa initiative, launched in to boost trade and investment with and within Africa.

To better quantify these challenges, our Trade Facilitation Support Program (TFSP) is conducting a global survey of women-owned, -managed, and -operated firms that engage in cross-border trade. The goal is to identify gender-specific constraints. Overall, measurement of ICBT in Africa can provide a more accurate picture of other aspects related to informal trade, including information on informal labor markets and movement patterns of staple foods during periods of crises.

Each of these provides the opportunity for better policymaking using reliable and. The authors explore cross-border economic activities, migration governance issues, the regional integration project of the SADC, and implications for sustainable development in Africa. Examining the apparent success of immigrant entrepreneurs operating in cities of economically depressed countries such as Zimbabwe, it also discusses the role of.

Considering that informal cross border trade (ICBT) is a source of income to about 43 per cent of Africa’s population, boosting informal cross border trade on the continent is an integral part Author: ALEX LITU. The East African Secretariat wishes to take this opportunity to sincerely thank the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the GIZ - Support to the African Union Border Programme for the support provided in the development of the Simplified Guide and Information Pack on EAC Trade Rules and Regulations for Women Cross Border Size: 1MB.

Borderline: Women as cross-border traders in Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia UNCTAD is undertaking a project is to access the obstacles and. Community (SADC), for example, informal cross-border trade is estimated to amount to US$ billion per year, i.e.

30 to 40 per cent of total regional trade. In West Africa, informal cross-border trade accounts for 20 per cent of GDP in Nigeria and 75 per cent of GDP in Benin (UNCTAD a; Koroma et al.

In East Africa, cross-border trade is characterized by inefficiencies, high transaction costs and low competitiveness. Studies have shown that cross-border traders lack business management skills and knowledge of the requirements to trade across borders. Informal cross-border trade has discrete gender impacts: in major cross-border posts within East Africa, women account for a high percentage of informal traders.

This female-intensive sector has broad poverty and development ramifications. It constitutes a vital source of employment and livelihood for the poor, in particular for low-income and. The new volume—Women and Trade in Africa: Realizing the Potential—demonstrates how women play a key role in trade in Africa and will be essential to Africa’s success in exploiting its trade potential.

Women make a major contribution to trade in most African countries through their involvement in the production of tradable goods as cross. trade the paper first examines the role of women in cross border trade including the common goods they trade in.

It then explores the impact the Customs Union will have on small scale cross border women traders. The paper thereafter moves to examine some of the challenges that women cross border traders face in the course of their trading File Size: KB.

As African countries – either in SADC, the East Africa Community or elsewhere – make huge strides through regional trade policies, these women have no voice or stake in something so important to their lives.

This is confirmed in Masheti Masinjila’s study Gender Dimensions of Cross Border Trade in the East Africa Community. women’s engagement in regional cross border trade. The aim of this study is to generate evidence on probable opportunities, implications and challenges that the Customs Union and Common Market pre-sent to women informal cross border traders in the 5 EAC partner states.

The study was conducted in the. East Africa Cross Border Trade Bulletin (AprilVolume 21) Report from Famine Early Warning System Network, World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Despite being a source of income to about 43 percent of Africa’s population, informal cross border trade (ICBT) is generally regarded as illegal commercialization of cross border activities. ICBT can have positive macroeconomic and social ramifications such as food security and income creation particularly for rural populations who would.

It is estimated that 70% of informal cross-border trade in sub-Saharan Africa is undertaken by women and youths (United Nations Development Fund for Women, ). At the Nemba border crossing between Rwanda and Burundi, for example, many women transport their commodities, mainly clothing and shoes, in their handbags, while youth transport soft.

USAID Southern Africa Trade Hub / Women Cross-Border Traders in Southern Africa 6 ACRONYMS AMU/UMA Arab Maghreb Union AU African Union BIAT Boosting Intra-American Trade BLNS Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland (Countries) BURS Botswana Unified Revenue Service CBT Cross Border Trade CBTAM Cross Border Trade Association of Malawi CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of File Size: 1MB.Unofficial Cross-Border Trade in Eastern Africa.

Saudi Arabian governme nt ban on live imports from East Africa th ere were no. shirkad operations in most of Somali Region throughout Region of US$ billion per year. Informal Cross Border Trade contributes for % to intra-SADC Trade.

Seventy percents of informal cross border traders are women. The main foodstuffs traded in /7 are maize (97, MT), rice (6, MT) and beans (10, MT).

In West and Central Africa, women informal cross border traders “employ

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